Kedarnath Temple

The Temple of Kedarnath is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva, AST:Kēdāranātha Mandira, lit. "Temple of the Field Lord." Kedarnath is situated in the state of Uttarakhand, India on the Himalayan Garhwal River on the Mandakini River. The temple is only open to the public during the months of April (Akshaya Tritiya) and November due to severe weather conditions (Kartik Purnima, the autumn full moon). In the winter, the vigraha (deity) from the temple of Kedarnath is brought down to Ukhimath and worshipped for six months. Kedarnath is viewed as a homogenous variant of the region's historical name of Shiva, the 'Lord of Kedarkhand.' A 22 kilometres (14 mi) uphill walk from Gauriqund leads directly up to the temple by road. To enter the structure, pony and manchan are accessible. The temple, founded by Pandavas, is one of 12 Jyotirlingas, one of the most holy Hindu shrines of Shiva. according to Hindu legends. Pandavas should have satisfied Shiva with Kedarnath Prayer. The temple is one of the four main sites in India's Northern Himalayan Chota Char Dham pilgrimage. Among the 12 Jyotirlingas, this temple is the largest. [number four] During the 2013 flash floods in North India, Kedarnath was the hardest hit. Apart from a few cracks on one side of the four walls caused by flowing debris from the higher mountains, the temple complex, surrounding areas, and Kedarnath town suffered extensive damage, but the temple structure did not suffer any "major" damage. A large rock among the debris served as a flood barrier, keeping the temple secure. The market area's surrounding premises and other structures were seriously impacted.

 Adi Sankaracharya

 Kedarnath, Uttarakhand 246445.


The temple is a stone structure of unknown date, located at a height of 3,583 m (11,755 ft) on the banks of Mandakini river, a tributary of Ganga, 223 km (139 mi) from Rishikesh. It is unknown who designed the original Kedarnath temple or when it was built. The name "Kedarnath" comes from the Sanskrit words kedara ("field") and natha ("lord"), which mean "lord of the field" ("lord"). According to the text Kashi Kedara Mahatmya, it is named after "the crop of liberation" that grows here. According to legend, the god Shiva decided to reside here after Nara-Narayana requested it. On the advice of the sage Vyasa, the Pandava brothers came here to meet Shiva after the Kurukshetra War to seek forgiveness for killing their kin during the war. Shiva, on the other hand, refused to forgive them and transformed into a donkey, hiding among the cattle on the hill. When the Pandavas tracked him down, he tried to hide by plunging head-first into the snow. Bhima, one of the brothers, caught his tail and forced him to stand in front of them and apologise. At Kedarnath, the Pandava brothers constructed the first temple. The head of the bull appeared at Pashupatinath, and parts of Shiva's body appeared at four other sites, collectively known as the five Kedaras ("Panch Kedar"). There is no mention of Kedarnath in the Mahabharata, which tells the storey of the Pandavas and the Kurukshetra War. The Skanda Purana (c. 7th-8th century), which includes a tale about the Ganges river's roots, contains one of the earliest references to Kedarnath. Shiva released the holy water from his matted hair at Kedara (Kedarnath), according to the article. The 8th century philosopher Adi Shankara died at Kedaranatha (Kedarnath), according to hagiographies based on Madhava's Sankshepa-shankara-vijaya; however, other hagiographies based on Anandagiri's Prachina-Shankara-Vijaya state that he died at Kanchi. At Kedarnath, the remains of a temple commemorating Shankara's alleged death site can be found. [nine] By the 12th century, when it is mentioned in the Kritya-kalpataru written by Gahadavala minister Bhatta Lakshmidhara, Kedarnath had become a well-known pilgrimage destination. Five Temples Panch KedarKalpeshwar The presiding image of Kedarnath is a lingam with an irregular shape and a pedestal with a diameter of 3.6 m (12 ft) and a height of 3.6 m (12 ft). In front of the temple, there is a small pillared hall with portraits of Parvathi and the five Pandava princes. Badari-kedar, Madhya Maheswara, Tunganatha, Rudranatha, and Kallesvara are among the five temples in the area. The five Pandava brothers, Krishna, Nandi, Shiva's vehicle, and Virabhadra, one of Shiva's guards, are all depicted in the first hall of the Kedarnath Temple. In the main hall, there is also a statue of Draupadi and other deities. The head of a man carved in the triangular stone fascia is an uncommon characteristic of the temple. A similar head can be seen carved in another temple nearby, which was built on the site of Shiva and Parvati's marriage. Adi Shankara is credited with reviving this temple, as well as Badrinath and other Uttarakhand temples, and he is said to have attained Mahasamadhi at Kedaranath. Adi Sankara's samdhi mandir is located behind the temple. The Veerashaiva community of Karnataka is represented by the temple's head priest (Raval). The Raval of Kedarnath temple, unlike the Raval of Badrinath temple, does not perform the pujas. Raval's assistants perform the pujas according to his orders. During the winter season, the Raval travels to Ukhimath with the deity. The temple has five main priests, who rotate as head priests for one year at a time. Shri Vageesha Lingacharya is the present Raval of the Kedarnath temple. Shri Vageesh Lingacharya hails from the village of Banuvalli in the Davanagere district of Karnataka's Taluka Harihar. In the temple's Garbhagriha, a triangular-shaped lingam is worshipped. Many Pandavas symbols can be found all over Kedarnath. At Pandukeshwar, Raja Pandu died. "Pandav Lila" is a dance performed by the tribals in this region. "Swargarohini," which is situated off Badrinath, is the mountain top where the Pandavas went to Swarga. One of Dharmarja's fingers dropped to the ground as he was leaving for Swarga. Dharmarja constructed a Shiva Linga the size of a thumb at that location. Shankara and Bheema battled with maces to win Mashisharupa. Bheema was overcome with regret. He began to use ghee to massage Shankara's body. Even today, this triangular Shiva JyotirLinga is massaged with ghee in remembrance of this incident. Worship is made with water and Bel leaves. 2013 Kedarnath disaster Source: Wikipedia.org Rear view of the Kedarnath Temple in the aftermath of the flood Source: Wikipedia.org After the flood, a view of the Kedarnath Temple from the front. On the 16th and 17th of June 2013, the Kedarnath valley, along with other areas of Uttarakhand, was struck by unprecedented flash floods. A landslide and mudslides occurred near Kedarnath Temple on June 16 at about 7:30 p.m., accompanied by loud thunder. At around 8:30 p.m., a huge peal was heard, and massive quantities of water began gushing down Mandakini river from Chorabari Tal or Gandhi Tal, washing away everything in its route. On the morning of June 17, 2013, around 6:40 a.m., waters from the river Swaraswati and Chorabari Tal or Gandhi Tal began to cascade again, bringing with it a massive amount of silt, rocks, and boulders. A massive rock became trapped behind Kedarnath Temple, protecting it from the flood's wrath. On both sides of the temple, the waters gushed, destroying everything in their path. Even eyewitnesses said that one large rock was brought to the back side of the Kedarnath Temple, obstructing the debris flow and diverting the river and debris to the temple's sides, preventing damage. Another reason the temple was not demolished is that it was built so well. Despite the fact that the temple escaped the worst of the flooding, the complex and surrounding area were devastated, killing hundreds of pilgrims and locals. In Kedarnath, shops and hotels were burned, and all roads were broken. People took refuge inside the temple for several hours before being airlifted to safer locations by the Indian Army. The Uttarakhand Chief Minister declared that the Kedarnath shrine would be closed for a year to allow the debris to be cleared. Kedarnath Tungnath Rudranath Madhyamaheshwar

UTTRAKHAND

Contact

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 utdb@gmail.com
  Kedarnath, Uttarakhand 246445.


Deity 

Lord Shiva

Kalpeshwar

  • The presiding image of Kedarnath is a lingam with an irregular shape and a pedestal with a diameter of 3.6 m (12 ft) and a height of 3.6 m (12 ft). In front of the temple, there is a small pillared hall with portraits of Parvathi and the five Pandava princes. Badari-kedar, Madhya Maheswara, Tunganatha, Rudranatha, and Kallesvara are among the five temples in the area. The five Pandava brothers, Krishna, Nandi, Shiva's vehicle, and Virabhadra, one of Shiva's guards, are all depicted in the first hall of the Kedarnath Temple. In the main hall, there is also a statue of Draupadi and other deities. The head of a man carved in the triangular stone fascia is an uncommon characteristic of the temple. A similar head can be seen carved in another temple nearby, which was built on the site of Shiva and Parvati's marriage. Adi Shankara is credited with reviving this temple, as well as Badrinath and other Uttarakhand temples, and he is said to have attained Mahasamadhi at Kedaranath. Adi Sankara's samdhi mandir is located behind the temple.
  • The Veerashaiva community of Karnataka is represented by the temple's head priest (Raval). The Raval of Kedarnath temple, unlike the Raval of Badrinath temple, does not perform the pujas. Raval's assistants perform the pujas according to his orders. During the winter season, the Raval travels to Ukhimath with the deity. The temple has five main priests, who rotate as head priests for one year at a time. Shri Vageesha Lingacharya is the present Raval of the Kedarnath temple. Shri Vageesh Lingacharya hails from the village of Banuvalli in the Davanagere district of Karnataka's Taluka Harihar. In the temple's Garbhagriha, a triangular-shaped lingam is worshipped. Many Pandavas symbols can be found all over Kedarnath. At Pandukeshwar, Raja Pandu died. "Pandav Lila" is a dance performed by the tribals in this region. "Swargarohini," which is situated off Badrinath, is the mountain top where the Pandavas went to Swarga. One of Dharmarja's fingers dropped to the ground as he was leaving for Swarga. Dharmarja constructed a Shiva Linga the size of a thumb at that location. Shankara and Bheema battled with maces to win Mashisharupa. Bheema was overcome with regret. He began to use ghee to massage Shankara's body. Even today, this triangular Shiva JyotirLinga is massaged with ghee in remembrance of this incident. Worship is made with water and Bel leaves.

2013 Kedarnath disaster

  • On the 16th and 17th of June 2013, the Kedarnath valley, along with other areas of Uttarakhand, was struck by unprecedented flash floods. A landslide and mudslides occurred near Kedarnath Temple on June 16 at about 7:30 p.m., accompanied by loud thunder. At around 8:30 p.m., a huge peal was heard, and massive quantities of water began gushing down Mandakini river from Chorabari Tal or Gandhi Tal, washing away everything in its route. On the morning of June 17, 2013, around 6:40 a.m., waters from the river Swaraswati and Chorabari Tal or Gandhi Tal began to cascade again, bringing with it a massive amount of silt, rocks, and boulders. A massive rock became trapped behind Kedarnath Temple, protecting it from the flood's wrath. On both sides of the temple, the waters gushed, destroying everything in their path. Even eyewitnesses said that one large rock was brought to the back side of the Kedarnath Temple, obstructing the debris flow and diverting the river and debris to the temple's sides, preventing damage.
  • Another reason the temple was not demolished is that it was built so well. Despite the fact that the temple escaped the worst of the flooding, the complex and surrounding area were devastated, killing hundreds of pilgrims and locals. In Kedarnath, shops and hotels were burned, and all roads were broken. People took refuge inside the temple for several hours before being airlifted to safer locations by the Indian Army. The Uttarakhand Chief Minister declared that the Kedarnath shrine would be closed for a year to allow the debris to be cleared.


Daily Routine

Temple Open timing:

·         For general tourists, Kedarnath Temple opens at 7:00 a.m.

·         From 1 to 2 p.m., there is a special prayer, during which the temple is closed to be rebuilt.

·         The temple reopens to the public at 5 p.m. in the evening.

·         From 7.30 a.m. to 8.30 a.m., a daily aarti is performed on the statue of Lord Shiva with five faces.

·         The revered temple of Kedareshwar closes at 8.30 p.m.

Pooja Booking

Online reservations made after May 15, 2020 will not be refunded.


Visitor Guide

ROUTE

  • Delhi - Haridwar - Rishikesh-Devprayag - Srinagar - Rudraprayag - Tilwara - Agastamuni - Kund - Guptkashi - Phata - Rampur - Sonprayag - Gaurikund - Trek to Kedarnath 

AIRWAYS

  •  The nearest airport to Kedarnath is Jolly Grant Airport, which is located on the Rishikesh-Dehradun highway. To get to Gaurikund or Haridwar/Rishikesh, hire a cab.. 

RAILWAYS

  • At all times of the year, regular trains run from Delhi to Haridwar and Dehradun. From here, rent a car or a bus.

ROADWAYS

  • Gaurikund is well-connected by road, with buses and taxis readily available from popular destinations such as Rishikesh, Dehradun, Uttarkashi, Tehri, Pauri, and Chamoli..


Other Visiting Sites

BHAIRAV TEMPLE

  • Another ancient and significant temple can be found on the south side of the temple complex. It is dedicated to Bhairav Nath, who is said to protect the temple compound during the winter season when the shrine is closed.

GAURIKUND

  • It is the starting point for the trek to Kedarnath's temple. Goddess Parvati (also known as Gauri) is said to have meditated here in order to marry Lord Shiva, according to legend. It is made up of natural thermal springs that provide pilgrims with a soothing bath before embarking on the holy darshan of Kedareshwar (the Lord of Kedar, Shiva).
  • In this region, there is also an ancient Gauri Devi temple dedicated to the goddess. The temple of Sirkata (headless) Ganesha is half a kilometre from Gauri Kund. This is where, according to the Skanda Purana, Shiva beheaded Ganesha and then tied the head of an elephant to his headless body.

CHORABARI TAL

  • Chorabari Lake, fed by the Chorabari glacier, can be reached after a short trek of less than 4 kilometres from Kedarnath city. Since some of Mahatma Gandhi's ashes were submerged in its waters, it is also known as Gandhi Sarovar. There is a waterfall in the path that must be crossed. It appears funny, but caution should be exercised while
    navigating it.

VASUKI TAL

  • Vasuki, a crystal-clear blue-water lake at 3,135 metres, is about 8 kilometres from Kedarnath. It's a challenging trek that includes crossing glaciers, but the walk among the untouched Himalayas is well worth the effort.